co sensing in bacteria

Signal Disruption Leads to Changes in Bacterial Community ...

Bacterial quorum sensing (QS) is among the most prominent and studied communication systems used by bacteria (Bassler, 1999). ... ME is the co-founder, Scientific Advisory Board member, and equity holder of Gene&Green TK, a company that holds the license to the patent WO2014167140 A1. These interests have been reviewed and managed by the University of Minnesota in accordance with its …

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Bacterial–Fungal Interactions in the Kelp Endomicrobiota ...

Additionally, we performed co-culture experiments combined to a metabolomic approach and demonstrated that microbial interactions influence production of metabolites, including metabolites involved in quorum sensing. Collectively, the data highlight autoinducer-2 quorum sensing as a key metabolite in the complex network of interactions within the algal holobiont. Keywords: quorum sensing …

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CO-Sensing Mechanisms | Microbiology and Molecular Biology ...

· Carbon monoxide (CO) has long been known to have dramatic physiological effects on organisms ranging from bacteria to humans, but recently there have a number of suggestions that organisms might have specific sensors for CO. This article reviews the current evidence for a variety of proteins with demonstrated or potential CO-sensing ability. Particular emphasis is placed on the …

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Logarithmic Sensing in Escherichia coli Bacterial Chemotaxis

and revealed that the key microscopic mechanism for logarithmic sensing in bacterial chemotaxis is the adaptation kinetics, in contrast to explanations based directly on ligand occupancy. INTRODUCTION Sensory systems in higher organisms (e. g., human vision and hearing) can sense the relative change of the stimuli, which is known as the Weber law (1). In 1972, Dahlquist and co-workers ...

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Quorum sensing in bacteria - PubMed

Quorum sensing bacteria produce and release chemical signal molecules called autoinducers that increase in concentration as a function of cell density. The detection of a minimal threshold stimulatory concentration of an autoinducer leads to an alteration in gene expression. Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria use quorum sensing communication circuits to regulate a diverse array of ...

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Frontiers | Relationship Between Quorum Sensing and ...

· Quorum sensing (QS) is a communication mechanism between bacteria that allows specific processes to be controlled, such as biofilm formation, virulence factor expression, production of secondary metabolites and stress adaptation mechanisms such as bacterial competition systems including secretion systems (SS). These SS have an important role in bacterial communication.

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How Quorum Sensing Works -

· Right now, bacteria distributed throughout your gut use quorum sensing during a never-ending war against harmful bacteria. One study determined Bacillus spores in our gut can prevent Staphylococcus aureus , a common cause of food poisoning, from colonizing the intestinal tract by disrupting its Agr quorum sensing system.

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Quorum sensing: Current Biology

· Quorum-sensing signalling systems are quite vulnerable and can be quenched by other bacteria, eukaryotic cells or even eukaryotic organisms. A number of bacteria co-existing with AHL-producers have been found to produce enzymes which …

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Potential interactions between syntrophic bacteria and ...

· The co-occurrence network was then constructed to investigate the positive correlation between the presence of syntrophic bacteria and methanogens. As shown in Fig. 3, 18 of 20 syntrophic bacteria and 30 of 34 methanogens interacted with strong positive correlations (P < , Pearson’s coefficient > ). Among these interactions, 76 ...

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Frontiers | Protein Activity Sensing in Bacteria in ...

· Bacteria have evolved complex sensing and signaling systems to react to their changing environments, most of which are present in all domains of life. Canonical bacterial sensing and signaling modules, such as membrane-bound ligand-binding receptors and kinases, are very well described. However, there are distinct sensing mechanisms in bacteria that are less studied.

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How Quorum Sensing Works -

· Right now, bacteria distributed throughout your gut use quorum sensing during a never-ending war against harmful bacteria. One study determined Bacillus spores in our gut can prevent Staphylococcus aureus , a common cause of food poisoning, from colonizing the intestinal tract by disrupting its Agr quorum sensing …

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Screening Strategies for Quorum Sensing Inhibitors in ...

· These co-cultivation assays were applied to screen a host of organisms to inhibit QS phenotypes. ... Metabolites with Gram-negative bacteria quorum sensing inhibitory activity from the marine animal endogenic fungus Penicillium sp. SCS-KFD08. Arch. Pharm. Res., 40 (2017), pp. 25-31. CrossRef View Record in Scopus Google Scholar. Y. Zhang, Y. Yang, L. Wang, et al. Identification of …

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Engineered microbial biosensors based on bacterial two ...

· Two-component regulatory systems (TCRSs) mediate cellular response by coupling sensing and regulatory mechanisms. TCRSs are comprised of a histidine kinase (HK), which serves as a sensor, and a response regulator, which regulates expression of the effector gene after being phosphorylated by HK. Using these attributes, bacterial TCRSs can be engineered to design …

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Quorum sensing in Bacteria and other Organisms - Biology Ease

Many bacterial organisms use quorum sensing to co-ordinate their gene expression with their population’s local density. Likewise, some social insects make mutual decisions about where to nest by way of quorum sensing. Quorum sensing has many uses for computation and robotics, as well as its role in biological systems. Quorum sensing can work in any decentralised system as a decision …

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Dual-function quorum-sensing systems in bacterial ...

· Additional signal-sensing strategies have evolved for the QS systems in pathogenic and symbiotic bacteria which need to interact intimately with their hosts. Here, we discuss the organization and functions of QS circuits that harbor a dual-sensing function by detecting both endogenously produced AIs as well as chemical cues present inside the host. Co-opting the use of QS circuits to ...

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Molecular imprinting technology for sensing foodborne ...

· Molecular imprinting methods in sensing pathogenic bacteria. According to the size of the template, different imprinting strategies such as bulk imprinting and surface imprinting can be selected to prepare MIPs. For bulk imprinting, cavities (recognition sites) are distributed all over the polymer matrix , which favours the absorption and release of small molecules. However, this approach is ...

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Interference of quorum sensing in Pseudomonas syringae by ...

Leaf surfaces harbour bacterial epiphytes that are capable of influencing the quorum sensing (QS) system, density determination through detection of diffusible signal molecules, of the plant-pathogen Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae (Pss) which controls expression of extracellular polysaccharide production, motility and other factors contributing to virulence to plants.

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Frontiers | Persistent Bacterial Coinfection of a COVID-19 ...

· Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a biofilm-forming opportunistic pathogen which causes chronic infections in immunocompromised patients and leads to high mortality rate. It is identified as a common coinfecting pathogen in COVID-19 patients causing exacerbation of illness. In our hospital, P. aeruginosa is one of the top coinfecting bacteria identified among COVID-19 patients.

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Messing with Bacterial Quorum Sensing | Microbiology and ...

SUMMARY Quorum sensing is widely recognized as an efficient mechanism to regulate expression of specific genes responsible for communal behavior in bacteria. Several bacterial phenotypes essential for the successful establishment of symbiotic, pathogenic, or commensal relationships with eukaryotic hosts, including motility, exopolysaccharide production, biofilm formation, and toxin production ...

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Bacterial Quorum Sensing: Its Role in Virulence and ...

Quorum sensing (QS) is a bacterial cell–cell communication process that involves the production, detection, and response to extracellular signaling molecules called autoinducers (AIs). AIs accumulate in the environment as the bacterial population density increases, and bacteria monitor this information to track changes in their cell numbers and collectively alter gene expression. QS controls ...

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Quorum sensing: How bacteria can coordinate activity and ...

· Introduction. Numerous bacterial species correlate group activity in a cell-density-dependent manner using an intercellular signaling system known as quorum sensing (QS). 1, 2 This signaling system is contingent on the ability of such bacteria to constitutively synthesize small signal molecules intracellularly, 3 which are then passively, 4 or actively 5 exchanged with the surrounding …

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RcoM: A New Single-Component Transcriptional Regulator of ...

· Genomic analysis suggested the existence of a CO-sensing bacterial transcriptional regulator that couples an N-terminal PAS fold domain to a C-terminal DNA-binding LytTR domain. UV/visible-light spectral analyses of heterologously expressed, purified full-length proteins indicated that they contained a hexacoordinated b-type heme moiety that avidly binds CO and NO. Studies of …

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